Ned Hettinger

Emeritus Professor

Ned Hettinger retired from teaching at the College in 2016.  His research focus is environmental philosophy.  He splits his time between homes on Sullivans Island, South Carolina and in Bozeman, Montana.


1985 - Ph.D., Philosophy, University of Colorado at Boulder
1975 - B.A., Economics and Philosophy, Denison University

Research Interests

  • Environmental ethics
  • Environmental aesthetics


Lawbreaking and Ecoterrorism,” in Benjamin Hale, Andrew Light, and Lydia Lawhon, eds., The Routledge Companion to Environmental Ethics ,1st Edition (New York, NY: Routledge, 2022), pp. 794-806.

"Understanding and Defending the Preference for Native Species," in Bernice Bovenkerk and Jozef Keulartz, eds., Animals in Our Mindst: The Challenges of Co-exisiting with Animals in the Anthropoence (New York, NY, NY: Springer, 2021), pp. 399-424 (open access).

"Age of Man Environmentalism and Respect for an Independent Nature," Ethics, Policy, and Environment (2021), April 21 Eprint:

 “ Naturalness, Wild-Animal Suffering, and Palmer on Laissez-faire,”  Les Ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 13(1), (2018), p. 65–84.

 “Environmental Philosophy,” in Noel Castree, Mike Hulme, and James D. Proctor, eds., The Companion to Environmental Studies (New York: Routledge, 2018), 3.16 (in digital edition), pp. 337-342.

 Afeissa Hicham-Stéphane, “Le Protectionnisme Esthétique de Ned Hettinger,” La Pensée écologique, 2018/1 (No 2) at

“Evaluating Positive Aesthetics” Journal of Aesthetic Education 51, 3 (Fall 2017): 26-41.

“Defending Aesthetic Protectionism,” in Philosophy: Environmental Ethics, ed. by David Schmidtz (Farmington Hills, Mich.: Macmillan Reference USA, 2017), pp. 287-308.

Book review of Emily  Brady’s, The Sublime in Modern Philosophy:  Aesthetics, Ethics, and Nature (New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2013) in Environmental Ethics  38, 2 (2016):  237 - 240.

“Nonnative Species,” in Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: A Global Resource, 2nd Edition, Vol 3., ed. by Britt Holbrook and Carl Mitcham (Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference, 2015), pp. 271-274.

Valuing Naturalness in the Anthropocene: Now More than Ever,” in  Keeping the Wild:  Against the Domestication of Earth, ed.
by George Wuerthner, Eileen Crist, and Tom Butler (Washington, DC: c, May 2014), pp. 174-179.

Conceptualizing and Evaluating Non-Native Species,” Nature Education Knowledge 3(7):7 (2012).

“Nature Restoration as a Paradigm for the Human Relationship with Nature,” in Allen Thompson and Jeremy Bendik-Keymer, eds. Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012), pp. 27-46.

"Animal Beauty, Ethics, and Environmental Preservation" Environmental Ethics 32, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 115-134.

"Objectivity in Environmental Aesthetics and Protection of the Environment," in Allen Carlson and Sheila Lintott, eds., Nature, Aesthetics, and Environmentalism: From Duty to Beauty (New York: Columbia University Press, March 2008), pp. 413-37.

"Religion in Rolston's Environmental Ethics," in Christopher Preston and Wayne Ouderkirk, eds., Nature, Value, Duty: Life on Earth with Holmes Rolston, III (Springer, 2007), pp. 63-76.

"Respecting Nature's Autonomy in Relationship with Humanity," in Thomas Heyd, ed., Recognizing the Autonomy of Nature (New York: Columbia University Press, 2005), pp. 86-98.

"Allen Carlson's Environmental Aesthetics and Protection of the Environment," Environmental Ethics 27, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 57-76.

"Bambi Lovers versus Tree Huggers," in Steve Sapontzis, ed., Food for Thought: The Debate over Meat Eating (Amherst, NY; Prometheus, 2004), pp., 294-301.

"The Problem of Finding A Positive Role for Humans in the Natural World," Ethics and the Environment, 7, no. 1 Spring 2002: 109-123.

"Environmental Disobedience," in Dale Jamieson, ed., A Companion to Environmental Philosophy (Oxford:  Blackwell Publishers, 2001), pp. 498-509.

"Exotic Species, Naturalization, and Biological Nativism," Environmental Values 10, no. 2 (May 2001): 193-224.

"Understanding and Evaluating Exotics Species in Yellowstone Park," The Western North American Naturalist 61, no. 3 (July 2001): 257-260.

"Comments on Holmes Rolston's 'Naturalizing Values'," in Louis Pojman, ed., Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application, (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2001), pp. 86-89.

"Refocusing Ecocentrism: De-emphasizing Stability and Defending Wildness," Environmental Ethics 21, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 3-21 (coauthor, Bill Throop, Philosophy and Environmental Studies, Green Mountain College).

"Patenting Life: Biotechnology, Intellectual Property, and Environmental Ethics," Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review 22, no. 2 (Winter 1995): 267-305. 

"Valuing Predation in Rolston's Environmental Ethics: Bambi Lovers versus Tree Huggers," Environmental Ethics 16, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 3-20.

"Animal, Nature, and Ethics," Journal of Mammalogy 75, no. 1 (February 1994): 219-223 (coauthor, Marc Bekoff, Biology, University of Colorado at Boulder).

"The Responsible Use of Animals in Biomedical Research," Between The Species 5, no. 3 (Summer 1989): 123-131. 

"Justifying Intellectual Property," Philosophy and Public Affairs 18, no. 1 (Winter 1989): 31-52.

"What is Wrong with Reverse Discrimination?" Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6, no. 3 (Fall 1987): 39-55.